Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH). Acid rain is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids.
Acid rain results when sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) are emitted into the atmosphere and transported by wind and air currents. The SO2 and NOX react with water, oxygen and other chemicals to form sulfuric and nitric acids. These then mix with water and other materials before falling to the ground.
Subsequently, question is, how do you know if its acid rain? Answer 2: To know if a sample of rain is “acid rain” we need to measure the concentration of hydrogen ions in the sample. Hydrogen ions are produced when any acidic substance is dissolved in water. The solutions of some substances, like carbon dioxide in the air, are weakly acidic.
Also Know, what is acid rain and its effect?
Acid rain has many ecological effects, especially on lakes, streams, wetlands, and other aquatic environments. Acid rain makes such waters more acidic, which results in more aluminum absorption from soil, which is carried into lakes and streams.
What are 3 effects of acid rain?
Walking in acid rain, or even swimming in a lake affected by acid rain, is no more dangerous to humans than walking in normal rain or swimming in non-acidic lakes.
- Sulfur Dioxide.
- Nitrogen Oxides.
- Particulate Matter (PM)
What is the solution of acid rain?
Because nitrogen oxides are created in the process of burning coal and other fossil fuels, some power plants are changing the way they burn coal. A great way to reduce acid rain is to produce energy without using fossil fuels. Instead, people can use renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power.
What is the pH of acid rain?
Normal, clean rain has a pH value of between 5.0 and 5.5, which is slightly acidic. However, when rain combines with sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides—produced from power plants and automobiles—the rain becomes much more acidic. Typical acid rain has a pH value of 4.0.
What color is acid rain?
When you add acid, bromothymol blue turns yellow; when you add a base (like sodium sulfite), it turns blue. Green means neutral (like water).
How many types of acid are there?
What is acid rain in short answer?
Acid rain is rain that is unusually acidic and highly corrosive in nature. It is rain with high levels of hydrogen ions (low pH). It may be defined as “rain water having pH less than 5.6”. Acid rain can have harmful effects on plants, animals and humans.
What is the chemical formula of acid rain?
1 Answer. Sulfuric acid ( H2SO4 ), nitric acid ( HNO3 ), and carbonic acid ( H2CO3 ) are the major components of acid rain.
How is acid rain made?
Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.
What is the conclusion of acid rain?
Conclusion: To conclude, acid rain is very important issue that has bad effects in the environment. There would be many health problems that could be avoided, if acid rain became a little less of a problem. We can help to stop this acid rain by a very simple way which is not polluting the air.
Why Acid rain is important?
Acid rain that seeps into the ground can dissolve nutrients, such as magnesium and calcium, that trees need to be healthy. The acidic clouds and fog strip important nutrients from their leaves and needles. This loss of nutrients makes it easier for infections, insects, and cold weather to damage trees and forests.
Which acid is not present in acid rain?
i) Carbonic acid ii) Sulphuric acid iii) Niric acid iv) None of the above. Acid rain contains mineral acids like carbonic acid, sulphuric acid and nitric acid.
Where is acid rain most common?
Acid rain is responsible for severe environmental destruction across the world and occurs most commonly in the North Eastern United States, Eastern Europe and increasingly in parts of China and India.
How can acid rain affect buildings?
Acid Rain Effects on Buildings Acids have a corrosive effect on limestone or marble buildings or sculptures. It is well established that either wet or dry deposition of sulfur dioxide significantly increases the rate of corrosion on limestone, sandstone, and marble.
Can acid rain kill you?
The harm to people from acid rain is not direct. Walking in acid rain, or even swimming in an acid lake, is no more dangerous than walking or swimming in clean water. However, the pollutants that cause acid rain—sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx)—do damage human health.
What are the 3 main causes of air pollution?
Various Causes of Air pollution The burning of fossil fuels. Sulfur dioxide emitted from the combustion of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles are one the major cause of air pollution. Agricultural activities. Exhaust from factories and industries. Mining operations. Indoor air pollution.