Every exteriorand interior flight of stairs having more than four risers shall have a handrail on one side of the stair and every open portion of a stair, landing, balcony, porch, deck, ramp or other walking surface which is more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below shall have guards.
To get to your question – the code doesn’t refer to the exterior in steps but states from finished floor or platform to finished grade in excess of 30″ requires a guard rail. It’s with interior they mention any stairway with more than 3 risers (2 steps) will require a handrail.
Also, does one step require a handrail? The answer is one. On a commercial building, built to the IBC, a single step would require a hand rail. However, generally a sindle step isn’t allowed or at least is discouraged. The code requires an elevation change of up to a foot be accomplished by a sloped surface but makes some exceptions.
Beside above, do you need a railing for two steps?
The building code does not refer to the number of “steps” but it does require a handrail when there are two or more “risers”. For clarification, a “riser” is the vertical portion of a stair. The “tread” is the top of a step. A two riser minimum would translate to two steps.
Do three steps require a handrail?
Editorial Adviser Mike Guertin replies: Since your stairs will have only three risers, you don’t need to install a handrail. That said, it’s important to count the number of risers accurately.
Is it illegal not to have a handrail on stairs?
Stairs should have a handrail on at least one side if the stairs are less than 1 metre wide. A handrail on both sides of the stairs will be required if the stair width is greater than this. You do not need a handrail on the first two bottom steps.
What side should a handrail be on?
Both sides are better and safer too for installing stair railings. There are no standard rules. But mostly It is suggested on the right hand side as you go down the stairs. Very few stairwells are full walled on both sides, so the wall-mount rail is usually same side as the banister rail.
Do handrails have to return to the wall?
Handrail Return Requirements. Handrail extensions must return to a wall, itself or the walking surface. Note: While it is a common practice to leave a gap between a wall return and the wall, some inspectors have rejected this as they consider it a return toward the wall and not a return to the wall.
How wide can steps be without a railing?
A stair can be any width without an intermediate handrail as long as the required egress width is 60 inches or less, as shown by the graphic in the 2003 ICC commentary. The problem arises when the required width is greater than 60 inches and the designer elects to create a very tight stair such as 62 inches.
What is the code for outdoor steps?
Now, some common code requirements, along with our recommendations: – The stair treads should be at least 36 inches wide. But, we recommend that stairs should be at least 48 inches wide so they don’t feel cramped. – The maximum allowable stair rise is 7 3/4 inches, and the minimum stair rise is 4 inches.
How far apart should handrail brackets be?
How high should porch railings be?
Porch Railing Installation Basically, railing height must be at least a minimum of 36 inches from the floor of your porch floor. If your porch or deck is above a certain distance from the ground (over 9 feet for example) you may be required to install 42 inch balusters or longer.
What is a graspable handrail?
Definition: Graspability of a handrail refers to the ability to get a secure hold onto a handrailing whose purpose, after all, is both to guide a walker along a stair or other surface and to prevent or perhaps to interrupt slip trip and fall hazards.
How many steps can you have before you need a landing?
Length of flight Stairs with more than 36 risers in consecutive flights should have at least one change in direction between flights. For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers between landings should be 16 for utility stairs and 12 for general access stairs. There should not be any single steps.
How do you install handrails on porch steps?
Guardrails on stairs must be at least 34″ high, measured from the nosing of the treads. Measure and cut your aluminum balusters to fit your stair railing assembly. Next, slide the balusters over the bottom stair rail connectors. Then, slide the top rail connectors into the balusters from the bottom up.
Where should a handrail start and stop?
On stairs, handrails must extend horizontally at the top at least 12 inches starting at the first riser nosing and at the bottom at least the length of the stair tread just after the last riser nosing. The requirements for the stair handrail returning to the wall are the same as for ramp handrails.
Can balusters be horizontal?
There is nothing that prohibits 2x6s from being used as balusters in a horizontal rather than a vertical orientation. You will end up with a railing that resembles a classic farm yard perimeter fence. You may be familiar with that look.